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Using behavioral indicators to help detect potential violent acts : a review of the science base / Paul K. Davis, Walter L. Perry, Ryan Andrew Brown, Douglas Yeung, Parisa Roshan, Phoenix Voorhies.

Contributor(s): Brown, Ryan Andrew [author.] | Davis, Paul K, 1943- [author.] | Perry, Walt L [author.] | Roshan, Parisa [author.] | Voorhies, Phoenix [author.] | Yeung, Douglas [author.] | United States. Office of Naval Research | International Security and Defense Policy Center | Rand Corporation | Rand Corporation. National Security Research Division.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookPublisher: Santa Monica, CA : RAND, 2013Description: 1 online resource (xliii, 258 pages) : illustrations (some color).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 0833083368; 9780833083364.Subject(s): Criminal behavior -- Research -- Methodology | Criminal behavior, Prediction of | Terrorism -- Prevention | Terrorists -- Psychology | Terrorists -- Social conditions | Violence -- Forecasting | Anthropology, Education, Sociology and Social Phenomena | Behavioral Disciplines and Activities | Behavioral Research | Behavioral Sciences | Crime | Criminology | Disciplines and Occupations | Natural Science Disciplines | Psychiatry and Psychology | Research | Science | Social Problems | Social Sciences | Sociology | Terrorism | Violence | Criminal behavior -- Research -- Methodology | Criminal behavior, Prediction of | Criminology, Penology & Juvenile Delinquency | SOCIAL SCIENCE -- Criminology | Social Sciences | Social Welfare & Social Work | Terrorism -- Prevention | Terrorists -- Psychology | Violence -- ForecastingGenre/Form: Electronic book. | Electronic books.Additional physical formats: No title; No titleDDC classification: 363.325/12 Online resources: Digital version
Contents:
Introduction -- Developing intent -- Planning and laying groundwork -- Immediate pre-execution -- Execution and aftermath -- Technologies and methods -- Cross-cutting issues -- Conclusions -- Appendix A: Methodological notes -- Appendix B: References and cases to support historic examples -- Appendix C: References and cases to support indicator tables -- Appendix D: Information fusion methods.
Summary: Government organizations have put substantial effort into detecting and thwarting terrorist and insurgent attacks by observing suspicious behaviors of individuals at transportation checkpoints and elsewhere. This report reviews the scientific literature relating to observable, individual-level behavioral indicators that might-along with other information-help detect potential violent attacks. The report focuses on new or nontraditional technologies and methods, most of which exploit (1) data on communication patterns, (2) "pattern-of-life" data, and/or (3) data relating to body movement and physiological state. To help officials set priorities for special attention and investment, the report proposes an analytic framework for discussion and evaluation; it also urges investment in cost-effectiveness analysis and more vigorous, routine, and sustained efforts to measure real-world effectiveness of methods. One cross-cutting conclusion is that methods for behavioral observation are typically not reliable enough to stand alone; success in detection will depend on information fusion across types of behaviors and time. How to accomplish such fusion is understudied. Finally, because many aspects of using behavioral observations are highly controversial, both scientifically and because of privacy and civil-liberties concerns, the report sharpens the underlying perspectives and suggests ways to resolve some of the controversy while significantly mitigating problems that definitely exist.
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http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7249/j.ctt5hhtvc Not for loan Only accessible on campus.

"RAND National Security Research Division."

"The research was conducted within the International Security and Defense Policy Center of the RAND National Defense Research Institute"--Title page verso.

Includes bibliographical references (pages 225-258).

Introduction -- Developing intent -- Planning and laying groundwork -- Immediate pre-execution -- Execution and aftermath -- Technologies and methods -- Cross-cutting issues -- Conclusions -- Appendix A: Methodological notes -- Appendix B: References and cases to support historic examples -- Appendix C: References and cases to support indicator tables -- Appendix D: Information fusion methods.

Government organizations have put substantial effort into detecting and thwarting terrorist and insurgent attacks by observing suspicious behaviors of individuals at transportation checkpoints and elsewhere. This report reviews the scientific literature relating to observable, individual-level behavioral indicators that might-along with other information-help detect potential violent attacks. The report focuses on new or nontraditional technologies and methods, most of which exploit (1) data on communication patterns, (2) "pattern-of-life" data, and/or (3) data relating to body movement and physiological state. To help officials set priorities for special attention and investment, the report proposes an analytic framework for discussion and evaluation; it also urges investment in cost-effectiveness analysis and more vigorous, routine, and sustained efforts to measure real-world effectiveness of methods. One cross-cutting conclusion is that methods for behavioral observation are typically not reliable enough to stand alone; success in detection will depend on information fusion across types of behaviors and time. How to accomplish such fusion is understudied. Finally, because many aspects of using behavioral observations are highly controversial, both scientifically and because of privacy and civil-liberties concerns, the report sharpens the underlying perspectives and suggests ways to resolve some of the controversy while significantly mitigating problems that definitely exist.

English.

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